Shibori is a Japanese manual resist dyeing technique, which produces patterns on fabric. Shibori is the Japanese word for a variety of ways of embellishing the textile. It is done by shaping the cloth and securing it before dyeing. The word comes from the verb root shiboru "to wring, squeeze, press".
The special characteristic of Shibori resist is a soft-or blurry-edged pattern. With Shibori the dyer works in concert with the materials, not in an effort to overcome their limitations but to allow them full expression and an element of unexpected is always present. Chance and accident also give life to the shibori process, and this is its special magic and strongest appeal.
Each piece is an expression of the artist's skill and is unique.
There is an infinite number of ways one can tie-dye, bind, stitch, fold, pleat, twist or compress the fabric for shibori, and each way results in very different patterns. Each method is used to achieve a certain result, but each method is also used to work in harmony with the type of cloth used. Therefore, the technique used in shibori depends not only on the desired pattern but the characteristics of the cloth being dyed.
Kumo shibori is a pleated and bound resist.
Arashi shibori is also known as pole-wrapping shibori.
Itajime shibori is a shaped-resist technique.
Also, different techniques can be used in conjunction with one another to achieve even more elaborate results.